Coastal Salt Marshes: are wetlands located in the zone between high and low tides. The plants of salt marshes are usually shades of brown, gray, and green. These marshes may also be estuaries, areas where freshwater from land mixes with sea water.
A variety of plants may be found in salt marshes: rushes, grasses, and algae. Certain plants prefer different areas because of the difference in salinity (amount of salt). For example, smooth cordgrass can be found in the low marsh. Salt hay and spike grass can be found in the high marsh.
Many fish species live in salt marshes: two examples are flounder and mullet. Smaller fish can hide from larger predators in shallow brackish water between grasses. The debris from decaying plants and animal matter provide young fish with food.
Hawaiian Translation: Kai‘ale
Florida coastal salt marsh
Click here to see an animation of a salt marsh.
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