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Definition

Fjord: is a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes. Fjords are valleys that have been cut deeper by moving glaciers and then invaded by the sea. They have a shallow barrier at their mouth that limits water exchange between the deeper waters of the fjord and the sea. They are narrow with steep sides and usually straight and long. Fjords are found in areas that have been covered by glaciers. Examples include regions along the coasts of Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Norway, Siberia, Scotland, and other countries.

Hawaiian Translation: Kai Kuono (fjord is a variety of inlet)


Example

fjord illustration

Fjord type estuaries are characterized by a deep elongated basin that is U-shaped and a ledge or barrier that separates the basin from the sea. They have moderately high river input and little tidal mixing.

Milford Fjord

Geiranger Fjord, Norway


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