Native Plant: are species that arrived, established, and survived in a place without direct or indirect human assistance. Native plants can be either indigenous (found naturally, and elsewhere) or endemic (found naturally and not elsewhere in the world).
See Introduced plants.
Hawaiian Translation: ‘Ōiwi
Diagram of Hawaiian plant origins.
Ohia Lehua or Metrosideros polymorpha is a Hawaiian endemic plant. Forms of Metrosideros polymorpha are found in almost all Hawaiian ecosystems ranging from lowland dry shrub lands to rain forests, from high elevation bogs to dry lava flows. It grows from near sea level to 7,150 feet and is found on all the main islands except Ni'ihau and Kaho'olawe. (Wagner 1990)
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