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Definition

Taxonomy: is the practice and science of classification. Organisms are classified in an ordered system based on degrees of natural relatedness. 

There are 8 general taxonomic groupings, starting with the most general and ending at the most specific. The groupings are: Domain, Kingdom, Phylum (or Division for plants), Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species. (http://marinebio.org/Oceans/marine-taxonomy.asp)

taxon pyramid

Hawaiian Translation:Kalaikapa


Example

diadumene_lineatam

Example: The Diadumene lineata or Orange-striped sea anemone has the following characteristics:

Using these characteristics the anemone's classifications can be detemined using a taxonomic key as follows:

A detailed discussion of taxonomic keys can be found at: http://www.uprm.edu/biology/profs/betancourtc/taxonomia3.htm


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